老凤凰平台

浜烘?缃?棣?椤?
                        title=涓??藉?变骇???伴?荤? 涓??藉?变骇???伴?荤?
浜烘?缃?>>涓??藉?变骇???伴?荤?>>涔?杩?骞崇郴????瑕?璁茶??版???

涔?杩?骞冲?ㄧ邯蹇甸┈????璇?杈?00?ㄥ勾澶т?涓???璁茶?

锛?2018骞???4?ワ?

?ユ?锛?浜烘?缃?锛?浜烘??ユ?   ??甯??堕?达?2018-05-05

??蹇?浠??

????浠?澶╋???浠?????????宕?????蹇???锛??ㄨ?????????浼?锛?绾?康椹?????璇?杈?00?ㄥ勾锛?缂???椹???????浼?澶т汉?煎?????插??缁╋???娓╅┈??????宕?楂?绮剧?????杈????炽??

????椹????????ㄤ?????浜ч?剁骇???冲?ㄤ汉姘????╁?藉?甯?锛???┈????涓讳???涓昏???濮?浜猴???┈????涓讳??垮????缂????????介???变骇涓讳???寮?????锛????浠d互?ユ??浼?澶х?????冲???涓や釜涓?绾???讳?锛?浜虹被绀句?????浜?宸ㄥぇ??娣卞?荤??????锛?浣?椹?????????瀛?渚??跺?ㄤ??????板???颁汉浠???灏????椹???????瀛﹁?渚??堕?????????肩??????????锛?

????1818骞???5?ワ?椹?????璇????ㄥ痉?界?归??灏?????涓?涓??甯?瀹跺涵???╁?ㄤ腑瀛︽?朵唬锛?浠?灏辨??绔?浜?涓轰汉绫诲垢绂???宸ヤ???蹇?????澶у??朵唬锛?椹?????骞挎??荤???插??????插???娉?瀛︾??ヨ?锛??㈠?浜虹被绀句???灞???濂ョ????ㄣ???辫?垫?ャ??宸ヤ????达?椹????????╂?ㄥ?绘???澹??垮???涓??剁?娌伙?缁存?や汉姘????┿??1843骞寸Щ灞?宸撮???锛?椹?????绉?????涓?宸ヤ汉杩?????ㄩ?╁?藉?璺靛????璁烘?㈢储??缁???涓????浜?浠????涓讳??板???╀富涔???浠??╁?芥?涓讳富涔??板?变骇涓讳???杞?????1845骞达?椹????????╂?兼????浣??板??浜???寰锋??蹇???璇?褰㈡????锛?绗??娆℃?杈?绯荤??伴??杩颁????插???╀富涔??烘????????1848骞达?椹????????╂?兼????浣??板??浜????变骇??瀹h???锛?涓?缁????灏遍???ㄤ?涓??????╂?兼???锛????变骇??瀹h????????ㄩ?ㄧぞ浼?涓讳?????腑浼?????骞垮?????锋???介???х????浣?锛????瑗夸集?╀??板???╃?灏间??????句?宸ヤ汉??????卞??绾查?????

????1848骞达?甯??锋?娲茬??璧?浜ч?剁骇姘?涓婚?╁?界????锛?椹?????绉??????ュ苟??瀵艰??洪?╁?芥??浜????╁?藉け璐ュ??锛?椹?????娣卞?绘?荤??╁?芥??璁????姹???杩?绯荤???绌舵?挎不缁?娴?瀛︼???ず璧???富涔?????川??瑙?寰???1867骞撮???????璧????????┈????涓讳???????????涓板?????浣?锛?琚??涓衡??宸ヤ汉?剁骇???g???????骞达?椹?????渚??跺????虫敞涓?????灞??拌??垮??宸ヤ汉杩??ㄦ?版???碉?????浠??村?澶х??瑙???????浜虹被绀句???灞??????

????????椹???????涓???锛????告??宕?楂????炽??涓轰汉绫昏В?句???濂?????涓?????1835骞达?17宀???椹??????ㄤ???楂?涓??涓?浣???????骞村?ㄩ???╄??涓??剁????????涓???峰????锛???濡?????浠????╀????戒负浜虹被??宸ヤ?????涓?锛??d?锛?????灏变??芥????浠?????锛???涓鸿???负澶у?浣??虹???虹?诧??f?舵??浠???浜?????灏变????????????????????????涔?瓒o???浠???骞哥?灏?灞?浜????句?浜猴???浠???浜?涓?灏????舵??澹板?板??ㄤ??伙?浣????浼?姘歌????ヤ???????㈠???浠???楠ㄧ?帮?楂?灏???浜轰滑灏?娲?涓???唱????椹?????涓???楗卞?棰?娌?娴?绂荤???拌???璐???浜ゅ?????????浣?浠???蹇?涓??广???㈠?涓?娓?锛?涓轰汉绫昏В?剧??宕?楂????宠??涓???濂???锛???灏变?浼?澶т汉????

????????椹???????涓???锛???????伴?鹃?╅?汇??涓鸿拷姹??????????????抽?宄扮??涓?????椹??????剧?????锛????ㄧ?瀛︿?娌℃??骞冲?︾??澶ч??锛?????涓????宠?︽部???″抄灞辫矾???荤??浜猴?????甯???杈惧?板??杈???椤剁?广????椹?????涓哄??绔?绉?瀛︾??璁轰?绯伙?浠??轰?甯镐汉?句互?宠薄???拌?锛???缁?杈惧?颁???杈???椤剁?广??浠???瑙?缇や功??骞挎?娑???锛?涓?浠?娣卞?ヤ?瑙e????绌跺?插?绀句?绉?瀛﹀??涓??绉??ヨ?锛???涓?娣卞?ヤ?瑙e????绌跺??绉????剁?瀛︾?ヨ?锛?????浠?浜虹被??????涓???????????涓?辈???绘????椹?????姣???蹇???宸ヤ?锛?缁?甯告?澶╁伐浣?16涓???躲??椹??????ㄧ???浜虹??淇′腑璋??帮?涓轰???璧??????????浣?锛?????涓??村?ㄥ??澧???杈圭?寰?寰?????姝わ???涓?寰?涓??╃?ㄦ??杩??藉伐浣???姣??舵??绘?ュ?????????浣??????充娇?ㄥ???????骞达?椹?????浠??朵???????扮??绉?瀛﹂?????????锛???涓?浜??伴??搴?澶х?????插???浜虹被瀛︺???板?绛?瀛︾?绗?璁般??姝e??╂?兼????璇达???椹??????ㄤ?????绌剁??姣?涓?涓????锛????冲?ㄦ?板?棰???锛??芥?????扮?????帮?杩??风??棰??????澶???锛???涓??朵腑浠讳?涓?涓????浠??戒????灏?杈?姝€????

????????椹???????涓???锛???负?ㄧ炕?т?????寤虹??颁?????涓?????????涓??????╂?兼???锛???椹?????棣??????涓??╁?藉???锛?????浜?????????借?绱???寰?灏???浜哄??浠??f?锋弧???????????т??????????????拌?琛???浜?????椹?????姣?????浣垮?藉氨??负浜烘?瑙f?捐??濂?????涓轰??瑰??浜烘????ュ????????杩????借?锛?椹?????涔?????椤炬??韬?桨杞扮??????宸ヤ汉杩????濮?缁?绔??ㄩ?╁?芥??浜?????娌裤??浠?棰?瀵煎??寤轰?涓???涓?绗??涓???浜ч?剁骇?垮???????变骇涓讳???????锛?棰?瀵间?涓???涓?绗??涓??介??宸ヤ汉缁?缁??????介??宸ヤ汉??浼?锛?????????涓???涓?绗??娆″伐浜洪?剁骇澶哄???挎?????╁?解????宸撮???ぞ?╁?斤?婊¤?????????炬??涓????ㄥ?ㄥ???藉伐浜鸿??ㄥ??灞???

????椹???????《澶╃??扮??浼?浜猴?涔?????琛???????甯镐汉??浠????辩??娲伙???璇??村?锛???????涔???椹????????╂?兼?????╁?藉??璋??胯揪40骞淬??姝e???瀹???璇达????よ??浼?璇翠腑????绉???甯稿?ㄤ汉????璋???浜???锛?浣?椹????????╂?兼??????璋???瓒?杩?浜??や汉?充?浜虹被??璋???涓??????ㄤ汉??浼?璇粹????椹???????绉?璧??╅?╁?戒?涓?锛??充娇?ㄨ??繁??娲绘??搴﹀?伴?剧?????典?浠??跺敖??澶у????甯??╅?╁?芥??????椹???????濡诲???濡??i?句??憋?璋卞??浜????冲???辨?????借?浜ゅ???层??

??????蹇?浠??

????椹?????缁???浠???涓???????浠峰?笺?????峰奖??????绮剧?璐㈠?锛?灏辨??互浠???瀛??藉????绉?瀛︾??璁衡????椹?????涓讳???杩?涓???璁虹?瑰?澹?附???ュ?猴??т寒浜?浜虹被?㈢储???茶?寰???瀵绘???韩瑙f?剧????璺???

????椹???????涓??ュ??瑷?锛????瑰?ょ??姝﹀?ㄥ??朵??戒唬?挎??ㄧ???瑰?わ??╄川???????界?ㄧ?╄川?????ユ?ф?锛?浣?????璁轰?缁????$兢浼?锛?涔?浼??????╄川????????椹?????涓讳?涓昏??卞?插????挎不缁?娴?瀛︺??绉?瀛︾ぞ浼?涓讳?涓?澶х????ㄥ????????杩?涓?澶х????ㄥ???????ユ?浜?寰峰?藉?ゅ?稿?插????卞?藉?ゅ?告?挎不缁?娴?瀛︺??娉??界┖?崇ぞ浼?涓讳?锛??惰??锛???缁?????涓洪┈????涓讳????规??????锛???┈????瀵规??澶????朵唬??涓?????娣卞?ヨ??瀵?锛???┈????瀵逛汉绫荤ぞ浼???灞?瑙?寰???娣卞?绘???°??椹?????璇达????变骇??浜虹????璁哄????锛??充???互杩?涓????d釜涓????归?╁????????????扮?????炽??????涓烘?规??????????杩?浜?????涓?杩????板????剁骇??浜?????浠??煎???????茶??ㄧ????瀹??崇郴??涓???〃杩般????

?????????ㄦ?翠釜浜虹被??灞??????查?挎渤涓?????介??瑙??哄???茶??ㄧ????川???朵唬??灞????瑰????椹???????绉?瀛︾??绌讹?灏卞????瀹???璇寸???f?凤????℃??汉绫荤ぞ浼?????????涓???锛?浠??芥???瑰?ゅ?伴???板??浠ユ?㈣?锛?浠讳?涓??逛?娌℃??蹇界?ヨ??汇???℃??汉绫绘???虫??寤烘????涓???锛?浠??芥?惧?ㄥ伐浜鸿??ㄤ腑妫?楠?杩?锛????板??浠ユ?㈣?锛???浠ユ?瑰?わ?浠???寰??轰??d?琚??浜ч?剁骇?????ф?????舵??琚??浜ч?剁骇??瑙???缂?浣???浜烘??涓??藉??虹??缁?璁恒????椹??????????崇??璁烘?浜??d釜?朵唬??瓒?瓒?浜??d釜?朵唬锛??㈡???d釜?朵唬绮剧???绮惧???????翠釜浜虹被绮剧???绮惧????

????????椹?????涓讳????瀛︾????璁猴??????у?版??ず浜?浜虹被绀句???灞?瑙?寰????ㄩ┈???????虹?瀛︾ぞ浼?涓讳?涔???锛?绌烘?崇ぞ浼?涓讳????╁凡瀛????浠?浠??????插ぉ??汉??????锛?瀵圭???崇ぞ浼???寰?澶?缇?濂界??璁炬?筹?浣??变?娌℃????ず绀句???灞?瑙?寰?锛?娌℃???惧?板??扮???崇????????寰?锛?????涔?灏遍?句互??姝e?绀句???灞?????浣??ㄣ??椹???????寤轰????╁?茶????╀?浠峰?煎?璇达???ず浜?浜虹被绀句???灞???涓????寰?锛???ず浜?璧???富涔?杩?琛????规?瑙?寰?锛?涓轰汉绫绘????浜?浠?蹇??剁???藉?????辩???介?璺?????寰?锛?涓轰汉姘?????浜?瀹??拌???卞??瑙f?剧????璺???

????????椹?????涓讳???汉姘?????璁猴?绗??娆″??绔?浜?浜烘?瀹??拌??韩瑙f?剧?????充?绯汇??椹?????涓讳???澶х簿娣憋?褰??瑰?板?灏辨????ヨ?锛?涓轰汉绫绘?瑙f?俱???ㄩ┈????涔???锛?绀句?涓???缁?娌诲?颁?????璁洪?芥??负缁?娌婚?剁骇???$????椹?????涓讳?绗??娆$??ㄤ汉姘???绔??烘?㈡?浜虹被???辫В?剧????璺??浠ョ?瀛︾????璁轰负??缁?寤虹?涓?涓?病????杩???娌℃???ュ????浜轰汉骞崇???浜轰汉???辩?????崇ぞ浼?????浜??瑰????椹?????涓讳?涔???浠ュ?锋??璺ㄨ??藉害??璺ㄨ??朵唬??褰卞????锛?灏辨????涓哄?妞??逛汉姘?涔?涓??????浜?渚???浜烘??ㄥ?ㄥ???插??杩???浜洪?存?????

????????椹?????涓讳????璺电????璁猴???寮???浜烘??归??涓?????琛??ㄣ??椹?????璇达????ㄩ?ㄧぞ浼???娲诲?ㄦ??川涓????璺电????锛????插?瀹朵滑?????ㄤ??????瑰?瑙i??涓???锛?????ㄤ??瑰??涓???????瀹?璺电??瑙??广????娲荤??瑙??规??┈????涓讳?璁よ?璁虹???烘????癸?瀹?璺垫?ф??┈????涓讳???璁哄?哄????朵???璁虹???捐???瑰???椹?????涓讳?涓???功??????瀛﹂???????负浜??瑰??浜烘????插?借?????绔???锛????ㄤ汉姘?姹?瑙f?剧??瀹?璺典腑褰㈡????锛?涔????ㄤ汉姘?姹?瑙f?剧??瀹?璺典腑涓板?????灞???锛?涓轰汉姘?璁よ?涓??????归??涓?????渚?浜?寮哄ぇ绮剧???????

????????椹?????涓讳????????灞???寮??剧????璁猴?濮?缁?绔??ㄦ?朵唬??娌裤??椹?????涓?????璇?汉浠??椹?????涓讳???璁轰??????★???????ㄦ????锛?蹇?椤婚????瀹?璺电??????????灞???涓??ㄩ┈????涓讳???灞??插氨??┈???????╂?兼??互??浠?浠?????缁ц??浠?????规???朵唬??瀹?璺点??璁よ???灞?????灞??????诧???????告?朵汉绫诲???蹭?涓???浼?绉????虫????????涓板???繁?????层????姝わ?椹?????涓讳??藉?姘歌???剁?濡?涔????ワ?涓????㈢储?朵唬??灞????虹???拌?棰?????搴?浜虹被绀句???复???版??????

??????蹇?浠??

???????变骇??瀹h?????琛?70骞存?ワ?椹?????涓讳??ㄤ???涓?寰??板箍娉?浼??????ㄤ汉绫绘???冲?蹭?锛?娌℃??涓?绉????崇??璁哄??椹?????涓讳??f?峰?浜虹被浜х??浜?濡?姝ゅ箍娉???娣卞?荤??褰卞????

?????ㄩ┈????浜茶???瀵间?锛??ㄩ┈????涓讳???瀵间?锛???绗???介????绛??介??宸ヤ汉缁?缁??哥户??绔?????灞?锛??ㄤ????舵????瀵煎???ㄥ?ㄤ??介??宸ヤ汉杩??ㄧ??????????浜????ㄩ┈????涓讳?褰卞??涓?锛?椹?????涓讳??垮???ㄤ??????村??濡??ㄥ???ョ???缓绔?????灞?璧锋?ワ?浜烘?绗??娆℃??涓鸿??繁?借???涓讳汉锛???涓哄??拌??韩瑙f?惧???ㄤ汉绫昏В?剧???规???挎不??????

??????瀹?棰?瀵肩???????╁?藉??寰????╋?绀句?涓讳?浠???璁哄??涓虹?板?锛????翠?璧???富涔?涓?缁?澶╀???涓????煎???绗??娆′???澶ф??缁?????锛?涓?澶ф?圭ぞ浼?涓讳??藉?璇???锛??瑰????腑??浜烘??卞???芥??绔?锛???澶у.澶т?涓???绀句?涓讳???????灏界?涓???绀句?涓讳??ㄥ??灞?涓??浼??虹?版?叉??锛?浣?浜虹被绀句???灞????昏??挎病???瑰??锛?涔?涓?浼??瑰????

????椹????????╂?兼??Н??????琚???杩??????浜烘???瑙f?炬??浜???杩???0涓?绾???锛?浠ュ??瀹?涓轰唬琛ㄧ??椹?????涓讳???缁ф?垮????灞?椹?????涓讳?姘?????璁猴???瀵煎??????娈?姘??板??娈?姘??板?藉?姘???瑙f?捐??ㄣ??绗??娆′???澶ф??缁?????锛?涓?澶ф?硅?峰??????瑙f?剧??姘????藉?寤虹?璧锋?ワ?褰诲??﹁В浜?甯??戒富涔???娈?姘?浣?绯伙?涓?????姘???骞崇?浜ゅ????卞????灞?灞??板?哄??????????

????浠?澶╋?椹?????涓讳???澶ф?ㄨ?浜?浜虹被????杩?绋?锛??充?渚??舵???锋????澶у?介??褰卞???????充?绯诲??璇?璇??绯伙?椹??????充?渚??惰????涓衡????骞寸?涓????冲?????

??????蹇?浠??

????椹?????涓讳?涓?浠?娣卞?绘?瑰??浜?涓???锛?涔?娣卞?绘?瑰??浜?涓??姐??涓???姘????ㄥ????骞寸?????茶?绋?涓?????浜??跨????涓???????锛?涓轰汉绫绘????杩?姝ヤ??轰???澶ц础????1840骞撮甫????浜?浠ュ??锛?瑗挎?瑰??寮哄???????瑰?╃??????桨寮?浜?涓??界??澶ч???涓???姘????峰?ュ??蹇у??g???叉?ㄥ??般??

????甯??戒富涔???????镜?ュ??涓??戒汉姘???娣遍???﹂?惧?璧蜂?椹?????楂?搴﹀?虫敞??绗??娆¢甫????浜????达?椹??????板??浜?????绡??充?涓??界????璁????涓??????茶タ?瑰??寮轰镜?ヤ腑?界?????革?涓轰腑?戒汉姘?浼稿?姝d???椹????????╂?兼???搴﹁???涓???????瀵逛汉绫绘????杩?姝ョ??璐$???绉?瀛﹂?瑙?浜???涓??界ぞ浼?涓讳??????虹?帮????充负浠?浠??涓????颁腑?藉??浜???涓界????瀛???????涓????卞???解????

????杩?浠d互??锛?浜???姘????????浜烘?瑙f?惧??瀹??板?藉?瀵?寮恒??浜烘?骞哥?灏辨??涓轰腑?戒汉姘??????蹭换?°???ㄦ?у?????姘???浜?璧板?板敖澶达?涓?瑙﹀?ㄥ?寤烘?瑰?虹????己杩??ㄥ???硅??富涔?灞″薄纰板?锛?璧?浜ч?剁骇?╁?芥淳棰?瀵肩???╁?藉??瑗挎?硅???富涔????朵?绉?绉??规?绾风悍?翠骇?????典?锛??????╁?戒?澹扮????锛?涓轰腑?介???ヤ?椹???????瀹?涓讳?锛?缁??﹁?︽?㈠???浜″?惧??鸿矾??涓??戒汉姘?????浜???杩??瑰??????渚?浜??ㄦ?伴???┿??

?????ㄨ?涓????插ぇ娼?腑锛?涓?涓?互椹?????涓讳?涓烘??瀵笺??涓?涓?????姘???澶??村???插ぇ浠汇??涓?涓??灏?甯﹂?涓??戒汉姘?????浜洪?村?杩圭??椹?????涓讳??垮??????涓??藉?变骇??搴?杩???????

????涓??藉?变骇??璇?????锛?涓??藉?变骇??浜烘??椹?????涓讳??烘????????涓??介?╁?藉??寤鸿????蜂?瀹???缁???璧锋?ワ??㈢?甯﹂?浜烘?缁?杩??挎??濂???锛?瀹????版?涓讳富涔??╁?藉??绀句?涓讳??╁?斤?寤虹?璧蜂腑??浜烘??卞???藉??绀句?涓讳??烘???跺害锛?杩?琛?浜?绀句?涓讳?寤鸿????拌??㈢储锛?瀹??颁?涓???姘???浠?涓?浜???澶??扮?璧锋?ョ??浼?澶ч?璺???杩?涓?浼?澶ч?璺?浠ラ??涓?????浜?瀹?璇???锛?????绀句?涓讳????芥??涓??斤?

?????归?╁??句互?ワ?涓??藉?变骇??浜烘??椹?????涓讳??烘????????涓??芥?归?╁??剧???蜂?瀹???缁???璧锋?ワ??㈢?甯﹂?浜烘?杩?琛?寤鸿?涓??界?硅?茬ぞ浼?涓讳??扮??浼?澶у?璺碉?浣夸腑?藉ぇ韪?姝ヨ刀涓?浜??朵唬锛?瀹??颁?涓???姘???浠?绔?璧锋?ュ?板?璧锋?ョ??浼?澶ч?璺???杩?涓?浼?澶ч?璺?浠ラ??涓?????浜?瀹?璇???锛?????涓??界?硅?茬ぞ浼?涓讳????藉??灞?涓??斤?

?????ㄦ?版?朵唬锛?涓??藉?变骇??浜烘??椹?????涓讳??烘?????????版?朵唬涓??藉?蜂?瀹???缁???璧锋?ワ??㈢?甯﹂?浜烘?杩?琛?浼?澶ф??浜???寤鸿?浼?澶у伐绋????ㄨ?浼?澶т?涓???瀹??颁?澶фⅵ?筹??ㄥ?ㄥ?????藉?浜?涓???寰??ㄦ?逛???寮????у???叉??灏憋?????娣卞?娆°???规???у???插???╋?涓???姘???杩??ヤ?浠?瀵?璧锋?ュ?板己璧锋?ョ??浼?澶ч?璺???杩?涓?浼?澶ч?璺?浠ラ??涓?????浜?瀹?璇???锛?????????????灞?涓??界?硅?茬ぞ浼?涓讳????藉??颁腑??姘???浼?澶у??达?

????瀹?璺佃???锛?椹?????涓讳????借??╁凡??涓??藉?变骇?????借???涓??戒汉姘????借???涓???姘??????借?绱х揣杩??ㄤ?璧凤?瀹???绉?瀛︽?у???????у?ㄤ腑?藉??颁?????妫?楠?锛?瀹???浜烘??у??瀹?璺垫?у?ㄤ腑?藉??颁?????璐?交锛?瀹???寮??炬?у???朵唬?у?ㄤ腑?藉??颁?????褰版?撅?

????瀹?璺佃?璇???锛?椹?????涓讳?涓轰腑?介?╁?姐??寤鸿????归?╂??渚?浜?寮哄ぇ???虫????浣夸腑?借?涓??よ????涓??瑰ぇ?藉????浜?浜虹被???蹭?????????????灞?濂?杩广?????插??浜烘????╅┈????涓讳?????ㄦ?纭???锛?涓??藉?变骇????椹?????涓讳????ㄨ??繁????甯?涓?????ㄦ?纭???锛?????椹?????涓讳??烘????????涓??藉?蜂?瀹????哥?????涓????ㄨ?椹?????涓讳?涓??藉???朵唬??????ㄦ?纭???锛?

??????互???伴┈?????????椹?????涓讳???寮?涓??芥????璧颁?浜??ㄩ?㈠缓璁剧ぞ浼?涓讳??颁唬??寮哄?界??搴峰?澶ч??锛?涓??藉?变骇??浜轰?涓洪┈????涓讳???蹇?璇?淇″???????瀹?瀹?璺佃??锛?姝e?ㄤ负????????灞?椹?????涓讳????х??????锛?

??????蹇?浠??

?????╂?兼???杩?锛???涓?涓????瑕??崇??ㄧ?瀛︾????楂?宄帮?灏变??讳?涓??芥病????璁烘??缁淬????涓???姘???瑕?瀹??颁?澶у??达?涔????蜂??讳??芥病????璁烘??缁淬??椹?????涓讳?濮?缁?????浠??????藉?????瀵兼???筹?????浠??璇?涓????????¤?寰???杩芥????????归??涓?????寮哄ぇ???虫??ㄣ??

????椹?????涓讳????崇??璁哄??澶х簿娣便??甯稿?甯告?般???版?朵唬锛?涓??藉?变骇??浜轰??惰?瀛︿?椹?????锛?瀛︿???瀹?璺甸┈????涓讳?锛?涓????涓?辈??绉?瀛︽?烘?у????璁哄????锛??ㄧ?绛规?ㄨ???浜?浣?涓?浣????讳?甯?灞?????璋??ㄨ?????涓??ㄩ?⑩?????ュ?灞?涓???存??瀹??????存????俊???存???烘?у?板????????灞??版?朵唬涓??界?硅?茬ぞ浼?涓讳?锛?纭??涓???姘???浼?澶у??寸??宸ㄨ疆濮?缁?娌跨??姝g‘?????存氮??琛???

????????瀛︿?椹?????锛?灏辫?瀛︿???瀹?璺甸┈????涓讳??充?浜虹被绀句???灞?瑙?寰??????炽??椹?????绉?瀛︽??ず浜?浜虹被绀句???缁?璧板???变骇涓讳???蹇??惰??裤??椹????????╂?兼????淇★????ョぞ浼???灏?????蜂?涓?????浣?锛??ㄩ?i??锛?姣?涓?汉?????卞??灞??????浜虹?????卞??灞????′欢??锛?????浜ц???ㄨ?涓??╁?戒腑澶卞?荤?????????俱??浠?浠??峰???灏????翠釜涓???????椹???????淇″???叉疆娴?濂??惧????锛????浜烘???涓鸿??繁??涓讳汉??绀句???涓讳汉??浜虹被绀句???灞???涓讳汉锛??变骇涓讳????冲氨涓?瀹??藉??ㄤ????瑰???板??跺?电???板?杩??ㄤ腑涓?姝ヤ?姝ュ??般??椹?????涓讳?濂?瀹?浜??变骇??浜哄??瀹????充俊蹇电????璁哄?虹?????浠???ㄩ?㈡???¤京璇????╀富涔??????插???╀富涔???涓???瑙????规?璁猴?娣卞?昏?璇?瀹??板?变骇涓讳????变?涓??涓??舵??х??????姝ヨ揪???????茶?绋?锛????变骇涓讳?杩?澶х???冲??涓??界?硅?茬ぞ浼?涓讳??卞?????崇?涓?璧锋?ャ??????浠???ㄥ????浜???缁?涓?璧锋?ワ???瀹?涓??界?硅?茬ぞ浼?涓讳???璺???俊????璁鸿??俊???跺害??俊????????俊锛???瀹??变骇??浜虹?????充俊蹇碉???椹??????f?凤?涓哄?变骇涓讳?濂???缁?韬???

????????瀛︿?椹?????锛?灏辫?瀛︿???瀹?璺甸┈????涓讳??充???瀹?浜烘?绔??虹?????炽??浜烘??ф??┈????涓讳???椴????????笺??椹?????璇达??????叉椿?ㄦ??兢浼???娲诲?ㄢ????璁╀汉姘??峰?瑙f?炬??┈????姣?????杩芥?????浠??濮?缁???浜烘?绔??轰?涓烘?规????猴???涓轰汉姘?璋?骞哥?浣?涓烘?规??娇?斤??????ㄥ??ㄦ??涓轰汉姘????$???规??????璐?交缇や?璺?嚎锛?灏???浜烘?涓讳??颁???棣???绮剧?锛?濮?缁?淇?????浜烘?缇や???琛?????绯伙?????璧蜂?蹇???????纾?绀村????锛??㈢?甯﹂?浜烘??卞?????????蹭?涓???杩?????????茶?寰???蹇??堕???╋????变骇??浜轰?蹇???蹇????㈣?浣垮?界???????褰???

????????瀛︿?椹?????锛?灏辫?瀛︿???瀹?璺甸┈????涓讳??充???浜у??????浜у?崇郴?????炽??椹?????涓讳?璁や负锛??╄川??浜у?????ㄩ?ㄧぞ浼???娲荤???╄川????锛?????浜у????灞?涓?瀹??舵??搁??搴?????浜у?崇郴???诲??????绀句?缁?娴??虹?????浜у?????ㄥ?ㄧぞ浼?杩?姝ユ??娲昏??????╁?界??瑕?绱?????浜轰滑??杈惧?扮????浜у?????诲???冲???绀句??跺?点??????浜у??????浜у?崇郴??缁?娴??虹???涓?灞?寤虹??镐?浣??ㄣ???镐??剁害锛????????翠釜绀句???灞?杩?绋???瑙f?惧????灞?绀句???浜у????ぞ浼?涓讳?????川瑕?姹?锛???腑?藉?变骇??浜烘?ュ???㈢储??????瑙e?崇????澶ч??????颁腑?芥??绔?浠ユ?ョ?瑰?????归?╁??句互?ワ??ㄤ???0骞寸???堕?村??锛???浠???甯﹂?浜烘???瀹?涓?绉昏В?惧????灞?绀句???浜у??锛?璧板?浜?瑗挎?瑰???惧勾????灞???绋?锛??ㄥ?ㄦ???藉揩????涓轰???绗??澶х?娴?浣?????浠????浜??ㄩ?㈡繁???归?╋??????杩?璋??寸??浜у?崇郴婵???绀句???浜у????灞?娲诲??锛??????杩?瀹???涓?灞?寤虹???搴?缁?娴??虹???灞?瑕?姹?锛?璁╀腑?界?硅?茬ぞ浼?涓讳??村??绗﹀??瑙?寰??板??????灞???

????????瀛︿?椹?????锛?灏辫?瀛︿???瀹?璺甸┈????涓讳??充?浜烘?姘?涓荤?????炽??椹????????╂?兼?????猴?????浜ч?剁骇??杩??ㄦ???澶у??颁汉??锛?涓虹?澶у??颁汉璋??╃?????????杩??ㄢ??锛???宸ヤ汉?剁骇涓??﹀??寰?缁?娌绘??锛?灏变??界户缁???ㄦ?х???藉??哄?ㄦ?ヨ?琛?绠$????锛?蹇?椤烩??浠ユ?扮????姝f?涓荤???藉??挎???ヤ唬?库?????藉??哄?冲?椤荤?辩ぞ浼?涓讳汉??涓虹ぞ浼????锛??ュ??浜烘????c????浠????瀹?涓?绉昏蛋涓??界?硅?茬ぞ浼?涓讳??挎不??灞???璺???ㄥ????????棰?瀵笺??浜烘?褰?瀹朵?涓汇??渚?娉?娌诲?芥???虹?涓?涓??ㄨ?绀句?涓讳?姘?涓绘?挎不寤鸿?锛?涓?????寮轰汉姘?褰?瀹朵?涓荤???跺害淇???锛???蹇??ㄨ??藉?娌荤??浣?绯诲??娌荤???藉???颁唬??锛?????璋??ㄤ汉姘???绉????с??涓诲?ㄦ?с???????э??村????瀹????存???????板??戒汉姘?姘?涓汇??

????????瀛︿?椹?????锛?灏辫?瀛︿???瀹?璺甸┈????涓讳??充?????寤鸿??????炽??椹?????璁や负锛??ㄤ?????缁?娴???绀句????涓??浜轰滑??浜т????????冲??????锛????虫????寤鸿??界?跺?冲?浜?缁?娴??虹?锛?浣???瀵圭?娴??虹???????浣??ㄣ????杩??????虫????涓??﹁?缇や????★?灏变?杞???涓哄己澶х???╄川????锛???涔?锛??藉????????璇???瑙?蹇靛???涓??撮?わ?灏变???涓虹ぞ浼???灞?杩?姝ョ??妗?姊?????璁鸿???????????俊锛????涓????杩?姝ョ??????锛?浠峰?煎??杩??????宠В?撅????涓?ぞ浼?娲诲?????ユ????藉?涔?榄?锛???浠ュ??涔?锛???浠ラ?镐?????浠??绔?瓒充腑?斤??㈠???颁唬?????㈠??涓??????㈠?????ワ?宸╁?洪┈????涓讳??ㄦ??璇?褰㈡??棰???????瀵煎?颁?锛???灞?绀句?涓讳???杩?????锛???寮虹ぞ浼?涓讳?绮剧?????寤鸿?锛???绀句?涓讳??稿?浠峰?艰????ョぞ浼???灞????归????ㄥ?ㄤ腑??浼?绉?浼?缁??????????ц浆???????版?у??灞?锛?涓?????楂?浜烘????宠???????寰锋按骞炽??????绱??伙?涓????稿氨涓????????拌?????

????????瀛︿?椹?????锛?灏辫?瀛︿???瀹?璺甸┈????涓讳??充?绀句?寤鸿??????炽??椹????????╂?兼????筹??ㄦ???ョぞ浼?涓??????浜у?浠ユ??????浜哄?瑁?涓虹??????锛???????浜哄?卞??浜???澶у??????烘?ョ??绂??┾?????╂?兼?????椹??????ㄣ???变骇??瀹h????????ヨ揪绾查??瑰?ゃ??????璧??????绛???浣?涓????虹??涓?绯诲??涓诲?锛??????ㄧぞ浼?涓讳??′欢涓?锛?绀句?搴?璇モ??缁???????浜烘??渚??ュ悍????????宸ヤ?锛?缁???????浜烘??渚???瑁????╄川??娲诲???叉???堕?达?缁???????浜烘??渚???姝g???????????扁????浜烘?瀵圭?濂界??娲荤????寰?灏辨????浠???濂???????????浠??????浠ヤ汉姘?涓轰腑蹇?????灞????筹???浣?浜烘????冲????存?ユ???板????╃?????锛?涓?????????瑰??姘???锛?淇?杩?绀句???钩姝d?锛??ㄦ?撮?姘村钩涓?瀹??板辜?????层??瀛︽?????????虫????寰??????????汇?????????汇??浣?????灞???寮辨?????讹?璁╁??灞??????村??村??钩?????ㄤ?浜烘?锛?涓????杩?浜虹???ㄩ?㈠??灞?锛?????瀹??板?ㄤ?浜烘??卞??瀵?瑁?涓????杩???

????????瀛︿?椹?????锛?灏辫?瀛︿???瀹?璺甸┈????涓讳??充?浜轰????跺?崇郴?????炽??椹?????璁や负锛???浜洪?????剁????娲烩??锛????朵?浠?缁?浜虹被??渚?浜???娲昏????ユ?锛?濡??ユ??????般??楸间骇涓板???姹?娌虫?娴风?锛???涓?缁?浜虹被??渚?浜???浜ц????ユ??????剁?╂????浜虹被??瀛??????舵?′欢锛?浜虹被?ㄥ?????剁??浜??ㄤ腑??浜с????娲汇????灞?锛?浜虹被??寰????讹????朵?浼?棣?璧?浜虹被锛?浣???濡???璇翠汉??绉?瀛﹀???????уぉ??寰???浜????跺??锛??d????跺??涔?瀵逛汉杩?琛??ュ????????舵?????戒?姣?锛?浜轰????舵?????藉?卞??浣?锛?浜虹被蹇?椤绘???????躲??灏??????躲??椤哄????躲??淇??よ???躲????浠??????浜轰????跺??璋??辩??锛??㈠?烘??绔?????瀹?璺佃?缁挎按??灞卞氨????灞遍?跺北????蹇碉??ㄥ???ㄧぞ浼??????ㄨ?????????寤鸿?锛??卞缓缇?涓戒腑?斤?璁╀汉姘?缇や??ㄧ豢姘撮??灞变腑?变韩???朵?缇??????戒?缇?????娲讳?缇?锛?璧板?轰??$??浜у??灞?????娲诲?瑁?????????ソ????????灞???璺???

????????瀛︿?椹?????锛?灏辫?瀛︿???瀹?璺甸┈????涓讳??充?涓??????茬?????炽??椹????????╂?兼???锛?????姘???????濮?灏????舵???变??ョ??瀹???????浜ф?瑰???浜ゅ?浠ュ????浜ゅ??????跺舰????涓???姘???涔??寸????宸ユ????瓒???交搴?锛????蹭?灏辫?????涓轰??????层????椹????????╂?兼???骞寸??杩?涓??瑷?锛??板?ㄥ凡缁???涓虹?板?锛????插???板??ョ??璇???杩?涓??瑷???绉?瀛︿环?笺??浠?澶╋?浜虹被浜ゅ???涓????ф?杩??讳换浣??跺???芥?存繁?ャ???村箍娉?锛????界?镐???绯诲??褰兼?渚?瀛?姣?杩??讳换浣??跺???芥?撮?绻????寸揣瀵???涓?浣?????涓???灏卞?ㄩ?e?匡?璋???缁?杩?涓????锛?杩?涓????涔?浼???缁?浠???涓??╁苟?茶??涓??稿?锛???骞惰???涓??告??????浠??绔??ㄤ??????茬??楂?搴﹀?瑙?褰?浠?涓?????灞?瓒??垮????复????澶ч???锛???????骞冲??灞???璺???????????富????骞冲?浜ゆ?跨?锛?????浜??╁?辫耽??寮??炬???ワ?涓?????灞???涓??????界????浣?锛?绉?????涓??ㄧ??娌荤??锛??ㄦ?村?棰??????撮?灞????瀹??板??浣??辫耽???卞????灞?锛?涓?渚?????汉???翠???澶哄??汉锛??????戒汉姘?涓?????????寤轰汉绫诲?借??卞??浣?锛???涓???寤鸿?寰??村??缇?濂姐??

????????瀛︿?椹?????锛?灏辫?瀛︿???瀹?璺甸┈????涓讳??充?椹?????涓讳??垮??寤鸿??????炽??椹?????璁や负锛????ㄦ??浜ч?剁骇??璧?浜ч?剁骇????浜???缁???????涓???灞??舵?涓?锛??变骇??浜哄?缁?浠h〃?翠釜杩??ㄧ???╃????锛???浠?浠?病??浠讳????翠釜??浜ч?剁骇???╃??涓??????╃????锛????????涓虹?澶у??颁汉璋??╃????锛?涓哄缓璁惧?变骇涓讳?绀句???濂??????变骇??瑕????ㄥ?ㄤ????㈠????绔?璧峰???浜轰滑?ㄦ?ヨ ??????杩??ㄦ按骞崇????绋?纰?????濮?缁???浜烘??ㄤ?璧凤?涓轰汉姘??╃????濂???锛???┈????涓讳??垮?????朵??垮?????规???哄??????浠??缁??戒?澶ф??浜???浼?澶у伐绋???浼?澶т?涓???浼?澶фⅵ?筹?澧?寮烘?挎不??璇???澶у???璇????稿???璇?????榻???璇?锛???涔?浠ユ???ㄨ??ㄩ???涓ユ不??锛????????????挎不寤鸿????ㄩ?浣?锛?????????寮哄?????ㄩ?㈤?瀵硷????崇淮?ゅ??涓?ぎ??濞?????涓??涓?棰?瀵硷????板??????????淇????璇??姘歌?淇????变骇??浜烘?挎不???诧?????寤鸿???涓哄?缁?璧板?ㄦ?朵唬??????浜烘?琛峰??ユ?ゃ????浜??????╁?姐??缁?寰?璧峰??绉?椋?娴???楠?????姘???????椹?????涓讳??ф?垮??锛?

??????蹇?浠??

????涓??藉?变骇?????ㄩ┈????涓讳?姝﹁?璧锋?ョ???垮??锛?椹?????涓讳???腑?藉?变骇??浜虹???充俊蹇电???甸???1938骞达?姣?娉戒???蹇????猴???濡?????浠?????涓??句釜?充??句釜绯荤??拌??涓????剁??般??瀹????拌??涓???┖娲??板?浼?浜?椹???????瀹?涓讳?????蹇?锛?灏变?澶уぇ?版??楂???浠?????????????????

??????椤惧????濂?????绋???互???帮?涓??藉?变骇??涔???浠ヨ?藉???缁??伴?惧?拌?﹁??涓?????灞?澹?ぇ锛?寰???瑕???涓?涓?????灏辨????浠???濮?缁???瑙????冲缓??????璁哄己??锛?浣垮?ㄥ??濮?缁?淇???缁?涓??????炽????瀹?????蹇?????璋???琛??ㄣ??寮哄ぇ??????????

????褰???锛??归?╁??灞?绋冲?浠诲?′????????鹃??╂????涔?澶???娌诲?界???胯??楠?涔?澶ч?芥????????????????浠??璧㈠?浼??裤??璧㈠?涓诲?ㄣ??璧㈠????ワ?蹇?椤讳?????楂?杩??ㄩ┈????涓讳???????瑙e?冲?????????藉??锛?涓?????楂?杩??ㄧ?瀛︾??璁烘??瀵兼??浠??瀵归??澶ф???????靛尽??澶ч??┿????????澶ч?诲??????瑙i??澶х???俱??瑙e?抽??澶ч??????藉??锛?浠ユ?村?骞跨??瑙??????撮?胯????煎???ユ???????℃???ュ??灞???复??涓?绯诲????澶ч???锛?涓?????瀹?椹?????涓讳?淇′话???变骇涓讳????炽??

????浠????变骇??瀹h?????琛ㄥ?颁?澶╋?170骞磋??讳?锛?浜虹被绀句?????浜?缈诲ぉ瑕??扮??????锛?浣?椹?????涓讳?????杩扮??涓????????翠釜?ヨ?浠??舵????ㄦ?纭???????浠????????杩??ㄨ京璇????╀富涔??????插???╀富涔???涓???瑙????规?璁猴???????杩??ㄩ┈????涓讳?绔??恒??瑙??广???规?锛???????杩??ㄩ┈????涓讳??充?涓??????╄川?у???跺??灞?瑙?寰?锛??充?浜虹被绀句???灞??????舵?с?????叉?у???剁?稿?宠?寰?锛??充?浜虹??瑙f?惧?????卞?ㄩ?㈠??灞???瑙?寰?锛??充?璁よ?????川???跺??灞?瑙?寰?绛?????锛???????杩??ㄩ┈????涓讳???瀹?璺佃???缇や?瑙????剁骇瑙?????灞?瑙??????捐?锛???姝f??椹?????涓讳?杩?涓???瀹舵???瀛︾簿?????ㄥソ??

?????ㄥ????蹇??瑰??????绾ч?瀵煎共?ㄨ??村????????村???昏?﹀?板?涔?椹???????瀹?涓讳?锛?瀛︿?姣?娉戒????炽????灏?骞崇??璁恒????涓?涓?唬琛ㄢ????瑕????炽??绉?瀛﹀??灞?瑙?锛?瀛︿??版?朵唬涓??界?硅?茬ぞ浼?涓讳????炽??瑕?娣卞?ュ?????涔?瀛︺???昏?﹀?锛?甯︾?????瀛︺????绯诲???瀛︼??村ソ??绉?瀛︽???崇??璁鸿浆??涓鸿?璇?涓??????归??涓?????寮哄ぇ?╄川???????变骇??浜鸿???璇婚┈????涓讳?缁??搞????椹?????涓讳?????褰?浣?涓?绉???娲讳?????褰?浣?涓?绉?绮剧?杩芥?锛??ㄧ??告兜?绘?姘???娣??兼???炽??????澧???????瀵煎?璺点??

????瀵瑰?绉?瀛︾????璁哄?椤绘??绉?瀛︾????搴︺???╂?兼??繁?绘???猴???椹????????翠釜涓???瑙?涓?????涔?锛??????规???瀹???渚???涓????版???????★??????涓?姝ョ??绌剁???哄???瑰??渚?杩?绉???绌朵娇?ㄧ???规??????╂?兼??????猴???浠?????璁衡?????绉????茬??浜х?╋?瀹??ㄤ??????朵唬?锋??瀹??ㄤ?????褰㈠?锛????跺?锋??瀹??ㄤ???????瀹光????绉?瀛︾ぞ浼?涓讳??烘??????涓??戒涪锛?涓??灏变???ぞ浼?涓讳??????讹?绉?瀛︾ぞ浼?涓讳?涔?缁?涓??????涓????????°????璇磋?锛?褰?浠d腑?界??浼?澶хぞ浼????╋?涓??????寤剁画???藉???叉??????姣???锛?涓??????濂??ㄩ┈????涓讳?缁??镐?瀹惰??崇??妯℃?匡?涓????朵??藉?绀句?涓讳?瀹?璺电??????锛?涔?涓????藉??颁唬????灞???缈荤????绀句?涓讳?骞舵病??瀹?浜?涓?灏???涓???涓?????濂?璺????????绉?瀛︾ぞ浼?涓讳??烘???????????藉?蜂?瀹????????叉????浼?缁????朵唬瑕?姹?绱у?缁???璧锋?ワ??ㄥ?璺典腑涓????㈢储?荤?锛????芥?????惧??涓虹?濂界?板???

??????璁虹?????藉???ㄤ?涓??????帮??ㄥ?ㄩ┈????涓讳?涓?????灞???腑?藉?变骇??浜虹??绁??h??璐c????浠???????ㄩ┈????涓讳?瑙?瀵??朵唬??瑙h??朵唬??寮?棰??朵唬锛??ㄩ?娲讳赴瀵???褰?浠d腑?藉?璺垫?ユ?ㄥ?ㄩ┈????涓讳???灞?锛??ㄥ?骞胯????告?朵汉绫诲??????涓???浼?绉?????????锛??????ㄦ?归?╀腑瀹?姝e?烘?般??涓????瓒???繁锛??ㄥ??句腑????浼??裤??涓????????繁锛?涓???繁??瀵瑰?变骇???ф?胯?寰???绀句?涓讳?寤鸿?瑙?寰???浜虹被绀句???灞?瑙?寰???璁よ?锛?涓????杈?褰?浠d腑?介┈????涓讳???21涓?绾?┈????涓讳??板???锛?

??????蹇?浠??

????浠?澶╋???浠?邯蹇甸┈????锛???负浜???浜虹被???蹭???浼?澶х?????冲??存???涔???负浜?瀹gず??浠??椹?????涓讳?绉?瀛︾????????瀹?淇″康??

?????╂?兼???锛??????杩?涓?姝ュ???ユ??浠??????╀富涔?璁虹?癸?骞朵???瀹?搴??ㄤ??版?朵唬锛?涓?涓?己澶х????涓????朵唬涓???寮哄ぇ???╁?借???氨浼?绔??冲??板?ㄦ??浠??㈠????????杩???璺??锛???浠??缁х画楂???┈????涓讳?浼?澶ф??甯?锛?璁╅┈???????╂?兼????崇??浜虹被绀句?缇?濂藉????????ㄤ腑?藉ぇ?颁????ㄥ??板?烘?ワ?

????锛??板??绀惧??浜???4?ョ?碉?

?????? 浜烘??ユ? ??锛? 2018骞?5??05? 02 ??锛?

(璐g?锛???婧? )